Solomon Juneau

Five favorites for Doors Open Milwaukee

Doors Open Milwaukee was held Saturday and Sunday, September 19th and 20th. About 200 locations, many normally closed to the public, were open for visitors. Here are five of my favorite places to visit during this annual event.

1. Former Pabst Brewery

Although the area is undergoing rapid development, some of the original Pabst buildings remain. Photo illustration by Carl Swanson

Although the area is undergoing rapid redevelopment, some of the original Pabst buildings remain. Photo by Carl Swanson

Tour a speakeasy (actually, the former plant infirmary and ancient storage tunnels) at the Best Place at the Historic Pabst Brewery, 901 W. Juneau Ave. The speakeasy is open if the red jelly jar light is illuminated at the doorway marked “J.C. Haertel Real Estate & Financial Consulting.” The Pabst Brewing Co. was the subject of this Milwaukee Notebook post. (more…)

Get ready for Milwaukee Day!

Milwaukee City Hall postcard

Milwaukee’s City Hall, a civic landmark since 1895. The bell tower is 353 feet tall. Carl Swanson collection

Tomorrow is 4/14, also known as Milwaukee Day after the city’s 414 telephone area code. You can read up on all the day’s special events here. The activities range from a giant happy hour to the ringing of the City Hall bell.

So rarely is the bell heard that few people know it exists. But in the days when it regularly tolled the City Hall bell could be heard in Thiensville, 30 miles away.

The bell is eight feet tall, eight feet, eight inches in diameter – the largest in the U.S. at the time of its casting – and bears this verse by Henry Baumgartner, then 10th Ward alderman:

“When I toll the hour of the day
From this grand and lofty steeple,
Deem it a reminder, pray,
To be honest with the people.”

Cast in bronze and weighing 10 tons, the bell was hoisted into position in 1896 by four men turing a capstan winding a rope around a cylinder. It took 16 hours to raise the bell to its perch, 200 feet above street level.

The bell sounded every hour and quarter-hour until October 1925, when it became apparent its vibrations were weakening the tower and threatening to return the bell to ground level a lot faster than it went up. Mayor Daniel Hoan ordered it silenced, saying, “No doubt both the hides and skulls of public officials are thick enough to immunize us all from danger, but we must protect the general public.”

It has rung only infrequently since.

In 1909, the bell, originally known as “Big Ben,” was officially rechristened “Solomon Juneau.” To get in the 414 mood, take a moment to read about the real Solomon Juneau, the big-hearted French-Canadian fur trader who founded our city with considerable help from his remarkable wife, Josette.

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The great courthouse trouser disaster of 1841

first_courtIn 1836, Solomon Juneau, Milwaukee’s founder, and his business partner Morgan Martin built the city’s first courthouse. The two story wooden building cost the men $5,000, a considerable sum of money in those days. Upon its completion, Juneau and Martin, who jointly owned much of what is today the East Side, donated the building and its plot of land (today’s Cathedral Square) to the county.

The second floor courtroom witnessed some of the most dramatic moments in early Milwaukee history. It was here, in 1852, that Mary Ann Wheeler stood trial for the murder of her lover John Lace. Here, also, three men faced charges of breaking into the city jail in 1854 and rescuing fugitive slave Joshua Glover. A Milwaukee jury acquitted those men.

Early settler James S. Buck, who wrote the four-volume Pioneer History of Milwaukee [1881], sat on the jury that refused to convict Glover’s rescuers. Thirteen years earlier, Buck had also been present at a less significant but equally memorable scene at the first courthouse. (more…)